Gap CBS-BMed3: We need to identify and quantify the key threats to and promoters of mission relevant behavioral health and performance during autonomous, long duration and/or long distance exploration missions.
Last Published:  07/31/18 09:30:04 AM (Central)
Responsible Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance (HFBP)
Status: Open
Description
Present State of Knowledge:
BMed Gap 3 seeks to characterize and quantify the key threats and promoters to individual behavioral health and performance before, during and after spaceflight missions that are over six months and/or beyond lower earth orbit. To date, very limited spaceflight data related to behavioral health and performance exists. While there have been numerous long duration studies implemented in isolated and confined analog environments (e.g. Antarctica) similar to planned exploration environments, much of this research is anecdotal or unsystematically collected. Unfortunately, research that has included more objective measures has not utilized standardized measures through which conclusive statements can be drawn. Additionally, there is tremendous variability across analogs in terms of their crew composition, crew size, habitat layout, degree of confinement and separation, etc.

As a result, this gap aims to determine the major contributing factors to behavioral health and performance over different durations that correspond to future autonomous exploration missions. An Earth baseline will be established utilizing ground analogs for various durations (e.g., <6; 6-12; >12 months).

Approach:
We will begin with examining what is known relative to stressors, threats, and promoters over various duration ICE environments. New tasks in the Element will utilize standardized measures to characterize and quantify successful behavioral adaptation and functioning in different long duration analogs. We will utilize SMEs and factor analyses (when feasible) to finalize the set of threats and promoters, derive Earth baselines, assess feasibility of BMed model. The knowledge gained through this gap will inform subsequent efforts to develop monitoring methods and countermeasures.

Target for Closure
Feasibility of a successful Behavioral Health and Performance model will be determined based on key indicators and quantified variances:

(1)
Identified set of key threats and promoters contributing to behavioral health specific to ICE environments based on the amount of variance observed for different duration missions (<6 months; 6-12 months; >12 months) [this serves as the Earth baseline]
  1. Validated behavioral and environmental stressors
  2. Indicators for identified stressors of individual behavioral health

(2) Quantified each contributor’s impact to behavioral health and performance for each mission duration (e.g., <6; 6-12; >12 months).

Mappings
Risk Risk of Adverse Cognitive or Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
You are here! Gap CBS-BMed3: We need to identify and quantify the key threats to and promoters of mission relevant behavioral health and performance during autonomous, long duration and/or long distance exploration missions.
Active
Completed
Planned-Funded