Last Published:  07/31/19 10:05:30 AM (Central)
Responsible Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance (HFBP)
Status: Open
a) Initial state

Current ISS operations are based on a six person, international crew living and working for six months in low Earth orbit. These missions are supported by a significant infrastructure of both social and operational support. Social support can include health, psychological, and technical systems such as communication aids or tools. The type of social support for ISS crews will not be possible for future exploration missions owing to prevalence of communications delays and the distance from Earth. Teamwork, represented by cooperation, communication, and coordination among individuals, affects both the health and the performance of the team. It is known from ground research that selection, training and social support systems have the largest impact on teamwork outcomes, ~30%, ~50%, and ~20%, respectively. The impact of these support  systems is not known for long duration exploration missions(<6; 6-12; >12 months) beyond low Earth orbit.

b) Target for Closure

Validated set of social support countermeasures targeting key indicators (from Gaps 1 and 2) that maintain team function and psychosocial health to within 90% of current ISS psychological ops support levels (baseline standard for countermeasures).  Specifically, countermeasures that have been: (a) verified (functional verification); (b) validated (criterion-related validity) in ground-based analogs with participants similar to astronauts; and, (c)  targeted to pre-mission preparation, in-flight self sustainment and team readiness, and post-mission transition/rehabilitation.

c) Metrics for interim progress

(1) Determine autonomous long duration mission requirements for spaceflight teams (e.g., team roles, positions, size) (15%);  (2) Quantify current ISS psych ops support and determine delta needed [e.g., what is the change from 30% selection; 50% training; 20% social support?] (10%); (3) Develop report on the key indicators (i.e., those having the largest contribution, variance, or effect size) in relation to potential countermeasures (10%); (4) Vet with BHP SMEs and obtain ratings of comparability (5%); (5) Solicit studies to develop, verify, and validate countermeasures in high fidelity analogs (25%); (6) Validate in spaceflight (i.e., effectiveness, acceptability, operational feasibility (25%); (7) Present results / recommendations to BHP ops, space medicine, CB, mission ops (as needed) (5%);  (8) Select the set of social support countermeasures (5%).

d) Approach

This gap serves to provide the countermeasures necessary to best support the crew in terms of their technical task performance as well as their social interactions (while addressing their psychosocial needs). Countermeasures developed encompass pre-, during- and post-mission phases. 

Target for Closure
No Target for Closure available.
Risk Risk of Performance and Behavioral Health Decrements Due to Inadequate Cooperation, Coordination, Communication, and Psychosocial Adaptation within a Team
You are here! Gap Team Gap 3: We need to identify a set of countermeasures to support team function for all phases of autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions.

No Documentation Available