Task Understanding Key Components of Successful Autonomous Space Missions
Last Published:  07/31/19 10:05:33 AM (Central)
Short Title: Key Components of Autonomous Space Missions
Responsible HRP Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance
Collaborating Org(s):
Other:
Funding Status: Active - Currently funded and in progress
Procurement Mechanism(s):
Solicited
Aims:
The PI team will conduct several ground-based analog missions that simulate work and living conditions during LDEMs (i.e., confinement for a long period, social isolation, communication delay with MC, mission objectives, offnominal events) to:
A) examine and model the impact of crew autonomy on both the crew and the MTS of crew and MC and
B) to determine whether its impact changes over time.

Specifically they will explore how different implementations of autonomy affect crew effectiveness with respect to task completion and in response to several unanticipated offnominal events. The modeling effort will also examine the role of various team processes and states that the team literature has identified as critical antecedents to team effectiveness but that have not been systematically addressed in team autonomy studies. Moreover, the research will investigate crew autonomy not only on the level of the crew but will also consider its effect on MC personnel and the MTS comprised of crew and MC. This level of analysis has been neglected in the team autonomy literature to date. Taking a multi-team systems perspective will allow us to understand how crew autonomy affects both crew and MC and their collaboration, to specify the role of cognitive, interpersonal and motivational/affective mechanisms, and to examine whether there is one implementation of crew autonomy that is most conducive to ensuring effective space-ground collaboration over time.
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