Task Training for Generalizable Skills & Knowledge: Integrating Principles and Procedures
Last Published:  07/31/19 10:05:33 AM (Central)
Short Title: Generalizable Skills
Responsible HRP Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance
Collaborating Org(s):
Other:
Funding Status: Active - Currently funded and in progress
Procurement Mechanism(s):
Solicited
Aims:

Long-duration, exploration-class missions (LDEM) present new training challenges, as these missions significantly differ from our past exploration experience. We cannot predict all the tasks crewmembers may be required to perform during such missions, and thus cannot design pre-flight training to address tasks about which we do not yet know. This lack of knowledge requires a shift from task-based training typical of past and current space missions to skill-based training that focuses on the long-term retention and generalization of pre-flight training to transfer to new and unexpected onboard operations. However, we do not know the characteristics of skills and knowledge that lead to better retention, generalization, and transfer nor do we know the best training principles that support retention, generalization, and transfer.

 

  1. Identify characteristics of skills and knowledge that lead to better retention, generalization, and transfer. (i.e. identify what enables learners to apply trained skills and knowledge to new tasks.)

  2. Identify training practices that support retention, generalization, and transfer, such as integrated training in the operational context.

 

These results will help close the gap on generalizable skills by identifying characteristics of skills and training practices that support training retention, generalization, and transfer.


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