Task Design and Evaluation of Automated Electronic Checklists for Robotics Operations (Completed)
Last Published:  07/31/19 10:05:33 AM (Central)
Short Title: Electronic Checklists for Robotics
Responsible HRP Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance
Collaborating Org(s):
Funding Status: Completed - Task completed and produced a deliverable
Procurement Mechanism(s):

The primary objective of this project is to provide empirical evidence supporting design guidelines for automated electronic checklists for robotics operations. We use ISS robotic arm operations as our proxy for general arm or rover operations but we will develop scenarios that test a crew s ability to operate more autonomously than in ISS operations.

The proposed project will have the following two specific aims:

  1. Develop a prototype display for supporting robotics operations that integrates the electronic procedures with the displays for performing robotics tasks. The design process will begin with a hierarchical task analysis approach to drive out functional and information requirements for the display. Lessons learned from the development of aviation electronic checklists will also be considered in the design. We will also augmented our prototype design with the capability for automated execution of the procedural steps. This prototype will be built on the MIT ISS robotics simulation that has previously been used in several NSBRI projects.  
  2. Complete human-in-the-loop studies that investigate the following questions concerning design choices for the integrated display:
    • Does the prototype electronic checklist enable the same or better situation awareness during task execution while minimizing mental workload when compared to current practice?
    • What is an appropriate allocation for procedural step execution between human operator and automation for both nominal operations and off-nominal time-critical operations? How does the reliability of the automation affect the ideal allocation of steps?
    • Does the use of automated procedural step execution increase or decrease the information requirements when executing multiple procedures?

The project results will provide a design method, implementation guidelines and supporting empirical evidence for designing electronic checklists for other tasks.