Task Developing and Validating Specific Medical Event Management Training Protocols for Flight Crews on Deep Space, Long-Duration Space Exploration Missions (NSBRI-Yule) (Completed)
Last Published:  04/20/22 11:43:24 AM (Central)
Short Title: Medical Training Protocols for LDM
Responsible HRP Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance
Collaborating Org(s):
National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI)
Funding Status: Completed - Task completed and produced a deliverable
Procurement Mechanism(s):

In-flight emergencies represent a significant risk for mission failure. The potential for an unforeseen medical emergency to compromise crew health and capacity is heightened when considering the unique nature of deep space, long duration missions. Effective medical emergency management training can ameliorate this risk, and is vital for building crew resilience in order to achieve mission goals. Current training approaches in both medical and non-medical contexts focus on specific non-technical skills (e.g., situation awareness, leadership, crew coordination) for successful management of non-routine events. Training curricula have been developed targeted at individual and team management of medical events in terrestrial settings; however, a valid training framework and a set of objective measures of non-technical skills is currently lacking for space crews.

  1. Identify objective measures of non-technical skills that enhance crew management of in-flight medical emergencies
  2. Develop a simulated spacecraft medical bay, and run a series of simulation scenarios to measure crew behavior during high acuity, low frequency medical emergencies

This project will address IRP Gap TRAIN-01 in three distinct steps:

  1. Formalize current state of guidelines for medical non-technical skills training

  2. Identify and validate needed objective measures of operator proficiency and training effectiveness

  3. Document recommended validated objective measures of operator proficiency and of training effectiveness for future missions. Report in appropriate publications, standards, stakeholder panels, and/or risk evidence reports.

This project will also address IRP Gap TRAIN-03. Specifically, we will identify which components of medical non-technical skills training are more suited to in-flight vs. pre-flight training, and prioritize those that can be conducted in-flight. Gathering data longitudinally will allow us to advise on the decay function of knowledge and skills in space operations, and determine the basis upon which to set requirements and intervals for recurrent/refresher training.