Task Individual and Team Problem-Solving Skills Training for Exploration Missions
Last Published:  07/31/19 10:05:33 AM (Central)
Short Title: Problem Solving Skills Training
Responsible HRP Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance
Collaborating Org(s):
Other:
Funding Status: Planned-Funded - Task expected to be within budget
Procurement Mechanism(s):
Solicited
Aims:
NASA’s “mission teams” are composed of astronauts and Earth-based support staff (flight crews, Mission Control Center, flight controllers, flight control teams, etc.) who work closely together to ensure both individual and crew performance. Future Long Duration Spaceflight Exploration (LDSE) missions, potentially including planetary surface missions on Mars, will demand the support and ability of these teams to manage shifting levels of autonomy when crew health, performance and/or mission success are threatened by unanticipated problems.
This task will provide standards and guidelines for training individual and team problem-solving skills across all team, medical, and technical domains for both work and non-work situations throughout a long-duration mission.

1. Determine how problem-solving skills are developed and used in operational settings such that there is generalization across many tasks and situations.
2. Identify which individual and team skills are most important to performing tasks in normal conditions and surviving in emergency conditions for LDEM.
3. Determine the relationship of individual cognitive processes/skills (e.g., attention, reasoning) to team cognitive processes/skills (e.g., collaborative problem solving, decision making).
4. Describe how these skills change over time and what may trigger these shifts.
5. Validate measurement, particularly unobtrusive measurement, of these skills for both individuals and teams.
6. Develop validated training guidelines and recommendations to develop and maintain individual and team cognitive skills throughout an LDSE mission, and allow them to be trained efficiently to maintain performance across tasks and situations in mission.

Mappings
RiskRisk of Adverse Cognitive or Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
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RiskRisk of Inadequate Mission, Process and Task Design
You are here!TaskIndividual and Team Problem-Solving Skills Training for Exploration Missions

RiskRisk of Performance and Behavioral Health Decrements Due to Inadequate Cooperation, Coordination, Communication, and Psychosocial Adaptation within a Team
You are here!TaskIndividual and Team Problem-Solving Skills Training for Exploration Missions

RiskRisk of Performance Errors Due to Training Deficiencies
You are here!TaskIndividual and Team Problem-Solving Skills Training for Exploration Missions