Task NSCOR: Charged Particle Radiation and Resultant Oxidative Stress Elicit Deleterious Functional Changes in the Central Nervous System (Completed)
Last Published:  07/31/19 10:05:33 AM (Central)
Short Title: Oxidative Stress
Responsible HRP Element: Space Radiation
Collaborating Org(s):
Other:
Funding Status: Completed - Task completed and produced a deliverable
Procurement Mechanism(s):
Solicited
Aims:
The project will characterize behavioral, electrophysiological, biochemical and structural changes both in vivo and in vitro. Radiation-elicited oxidative stress mechanisms will be investigated as important mediators of the biological responses in both wild type and mutant animals. In addition to characterization of normal tissue responses, the potential enhancement of three late risks by radiation exposure will be explored. These are seizures, ischemic injury and traumatic injury. Mathematical models of the neurotoxicity responses will developed for use in estimating risks and fitted to project-specific data and previously-published observations.
Resources (None Listed)
Mappings
RiskRisk of Acute (In-flight) and Late Central Nervous System Effects from Radiation Exposure
GapCBS-CNS - 1: Are there significant adverse changes in CNS performance in the context and time scale of spaceflight operations? If so, how is significance defined, and which neuropsychological domains are affected? Is there a significant probability that space radiation exposure would result in adverse changes? What are the pathways and mechanisms of change?
GapCBS-CNS - 2: Does space radiation exposure elicit key events in adverse outcome pathways associated with neurological diseases? What are the key events or hallmarks, their time sequence and their associated biomarkers (in-flight or post-flight)?
GapCBS-CNS - 3: How does individual susceptibility including hereditary pre-disposition (e.g. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, apoE allele) and prior CNS injury (e.g. concussion, chronic inflammation or other) alter significant CNS risks? Does individual susceptibility modify possible threshold doses for these risks in a significant way?
GapCBS-CNS - 4: What are the most effective medical or dietary countermeasures to mitigate CNS risks? By what mechanisms are the countermeasures likely to work?
You are here!TaskNSCOR: Charged Particle Radiation and Resultant Oxidative Stress Elicit Deleterious Functional Changes in the Central Nervous System

RiskRisk of Adverse Cognitive or Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
GapCBS-CNS - 1: Are there significant adverse changes in CNS performance in the context and time scale of spaceflight operations? If so, how is significance defined, and which neuropsychological domains are affected? Is there a significant probability that space radiation exposure would result in adverse changes? What are the pathways and mechanisms of change?
GapCBS-CNS - 2: Does space radiation exposure elicit key events in adverse outcome pathways associated with neurological diseases? What are the key events or hallmarks, their time sequence and their associated biomarkers (in-flight or post-flight)?
GapCBS-CNS - 3: How does individual susceptibility including hereditary pre-disposition (e.g. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, apoE allele) and prior CNS injury (e.g. concussion, chronic inflammation or other) alter significant CNS risks? Does individual susceptibility modify possible threshold doses for these risks in a significant way?
GapCBS-CNS - 4: What are the most effective medical or dietary countermeasures to mitigate CNS risks? By what mechanisms are the countermeasures likely to work?
You are here!TaskNSCOR: Charged Particle Radiation and Resultant Oxidative Stress Elicit Deleterious Functional Changes in the Central Nervous System