Last Published:  07/31/19 10:05:30 AM (Central)
Responsible Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance (HFBP)
Status: Open
Description
Initial State of Gap:

Long-duration missions may require unique and likely challenging training considerations beyond current practices, necessitating training practices to evolve. We do not know how effective current practices might be in training for future missions, which will be significantly different than previous human spaceflight programs. For these future missions, we do not currently have valid and effective methods and tools that can be used to train for long-duration long-distance space missions, particularly for high risk situations or when time to respond is minimal. Under this training paradigm shift, we need to ensure that the available methods and tools encompass the full training continuum (preflight, inflight initial, inflight refresher, inflight just-in-time, and performance support).


Interim Steps:

  1. Characterize and document, in appropriate publications, standards, and/or risk Evidence Report, the training paradigm shift from current training practices to ones that have to be established for different design reference missions.

    • Identify lessons learned from human space mission training transitions experience (e.g., from Space Shuttle to International Space Station). Update documentation of current training assumptions (including, but not limited to, training time, training curriculum, and training technologies). Synergistic effort with TRAIN-04.
    • For full training continuum, identify which of these assumptions and what new assumptions may be needed for NASA’s different design reference missions. In particular, identify areas for which there has been limited or no mission operations experience (e.g., landing on Mars or grappling a near-earth object (NEO)).
  2. In the context of this training paradigm shift, evaluate effective training methods and tools to encompass the full training continuum for long-duration, long-distance space missions.

    • Solicit and conduct research to identify and validate effective methods and tools for inflight training (refresher, just-in-time, and performance support) that can be used for future missions. Specifically focus in the areas of procedural execution support and high-risk situations when time to respond is minimal (such as medical emergencies).
    • Solicit and conduct research on other training methods and tools appropriate for pre-flight new training needs for future missions. Specifically focus in areas unique to human space flight that are underrepresented in current training methods and tools, such as individualized, personalized training and adaptive training techniques based on proficiency.
  3. Deliver mitigation plan, including guidelines and training processes, to appropriate stakeholders/programs (e.g., Mission Operations Directorate) that identify the training methods and tools for future space missions.
Approach: 
  • Conduct observations, interviews, workshops and TIMs as appropriate to gather subject matter expert and stakeholder knowledge, arrive at consensus on important issues, and vet products such as training methods and tools.
  • Use literature reviews and existing models to refine critical inputs for training methodologies and tools.
  • Utilize solicited or directed projects to conduct experimental research to identify and validate training methods and tools appropriate to the projected needs of long-duration long-distance space missions.
  • Emphasize cross-risk collaborations that interact with technology for exploration missions (e.g., in-flight medical technologies, human-robotic interactions, control of spacecraft). These technologies will necessarily require crew training.
  • Validate in an operational context and refine methods and tools produced through solicited and directed research and use of in-flight or analog data.
Target for Closure
Mitigation plan, including guidelines and training processes, delivered to appropriate stakeholders/programs (e.g., Mission Operations Directorate) and/or panels that identify the training methods and tools for future space missions.
Mappings
Risk Risk of Performance Errors Due to Training Deficiencies
You are here! Gap TRAIN-02: We need to identify effective methods and tools that can be used to train for long-duration, long-distance space missions. (Previous title: SHFE-TRAIN-02)
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Documentation:
No Documentation Available