Gap Team Gap 9: We need to identify spaceflight acceptable thresholds (or ranges) of team function, based on key indicators, for autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions.
Last Published:  07/31/19 10:05:30 AM (Central)
Responsible Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance (HFBP)
Status: Open
Description

a) Initial state

Currently, standards and metrics for effect sizes do not exist to gauge team function and wellness for either Earth-based teams or spaceflight crewmembers. Setting standards is critical to the understanding of off-nominal team behaviors during long duration exploration missions of varying duration (e.g., <6; 6-12; >12 months). This gap stems from Gaps 1 and 2 and will require active participation of BHP SMEs to determine acceptable thresholds of team function. The goal is to standardize metrics to provide the ability to objectively diagnose off nominal events, and predict future off nominal events that may compromise a mission or risk team function and psychosocial health to less than 90% of current ISS team function and psychosocial health as supported by psychological operations (baseline standard).   

b) Target for Closure


Quantified changes in effect sizes (or coefficients of variance) of key indicators to reflect differences between Earth and spaceflight conditions.

c) Metrics for interim progress

(1) Based on Gaps 1 and 2, establish candidate levels of acceptable thresholds or ranges for team functioning for different duration missions (<6 months; 6  months - 12 months; >12 months) (40%);
(2) Vet with SMEs (consensus workshop to set levels of acceptable risk) (25%);
(3) Develop report recommending levels and rationale (20%);
(4) Present to HSRB (5%);
(5) Yearly review via workshop or BHPWG: Continuous risk management / improvement to review research and ops evidence to ensure we have the latest of what is known and understand the practical aspects of what will be required (10%).

d) Approach

By leveraging the ground study information (as described in Gap 1) with the tools developed for monitoring team dynamics (as described in Gap 2) in conjunction with recommendations from SMEs, effect sizes and standards will establish a baseline for acceptable thresholds regarding team function for long duration exploration missions in the context of 3 sets of mission durations (<6, 6-12, >12 months). The baseline will allow for future monitoring of long duration crews. This gap will take approximately 7-12 years to close.

Target for Closure
No Target for Closure available.
Mappings
Risk Risk of Performance and Behavioral Health Decrements Due to Inadequate Cooperation, Coordination, Communication, and Psychosocial Adaptation within a Team
You are here! Gap Team Gap 9: We need to identify spaceflight acceptable thresholds (or ranges) of team function, based on key indicators, for autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions.
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Documentation:
No Documentation Available