Gap HAB-05: We need to identify technologies, tools, and methods for data collection, modeling, and analysis that are appropriate for design and assessment of vehicles/habitats (e.g., net habitable volume, layout, and usage) for predetermined mission attributes, and for refinement and validation of level of acceptable risk. (Previous title: SHFE-HAB-09)
Last Published:  07/31/19 10:05:30 AM (Central)
Responsible Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance (HFBP)
Status: Open
Description
Initial State:

The Human Factors (HF) Standing Review Panel (SRP) recommended increased use of computational models by NASA. However, there is currently no NASA standard for use of human-system models in engineering and requirements verification, or in human rating. Current NASA designers occasionally resort to creating their own computer graphics models, with a resulting unvalidated, potentially inaccurate model due to the lack of flight data. In addition, data collection technologies, including both obtrusive and unobtrusive, need to be developed to collect flight data that can be used to develop validated computational models and aid in the design and layout of safe and efficient vehicle/habitat for long-duration missions.



Interim Steps:


  • Review products developed as part of HAB-04 for a candidate list of tasks/scenarios that need technologies, tools, and methods for the design and assessment of the vehicle/habitat for long-duration missions.
  • Develop a list of technologies, tools, and method characteristics with specifications for habitability assessment, data collection, and analysis for identified tasks/scenarios (e.g., need to measure without complex tools, unobtrusive data collection, level of precision needed in measurements).
  • Select from list of technologies, tools, and methods for the identified tasks/scenarios to be developed through solicitation and directed research.
  • Release and implement solicitations and/or initiate directed studies to implement research for identified needs.
  • Validate the tools/methods, integrating research results to provide mission characteristic-dependent vehicle/habitat designs and layouts. This process includes: finalizing impacting variables, refining inputs to the tool/method, and defining the metrics.
  • Work with the Habitability Working Group to assess the quality and maturity of technologies, tools, and methods in terms of their usefulness for the characterization of acceptable level of risk related to design and assessment of vehicles/habitats volume/layout.
  • Obtain approval from Habitability Working Group for the suite of tools, metrics, methods and supplementary materials that will assist in quantifying NHV and vehicle/habitat layout design based on mission attributes.
Approach:
  • Utilize Small Business Innovative Research (SBIRs), NASA Research Announcements (NRAs), and Directed Research Projects to target specific data collection technologies and modeling tool goals such as reporting of human factors issues, automated video analysis, modeling of required NHV and vehicle/habitat layout design, and automated habitability data collection.
  • Validate and refine tools and methods produced through solicited research and use of in-flight or analog data.
Target for Closure
Validated data collection technologies, models, modeling methods and new/updated standards, guidelines and processes to design and assess vehicle/habitat designs; documented in NASA standards and guidelines (e.g., NASA-STD-3001 and HIDH).

Mappings
Risk Risk of an Incompatible Vehicle/Habitat Design
You are here! Gap HAB-05: We need to identify technologies, tools, and methods for data collection, modeling, and analysis that are appropriate for design and assessment of vehicles/habitats (e.g., net habitable volume, layout, and usage) for predetermined mission attributes, and for refinement and validation of level of acceptable risk. (Previous title: SHFE-HAB-09)
Active
Completed
Planned-Funded

Documentation:
No Documentation Available