Gap HARI-04: We need to identify and scope the critical human-automation/robotic mission activities and tasks that are required for future long duration, long distance space missions. (Previous title: SHFE-HARI-05)
Last Published:  07/31/19 10:05:30 AM (Central)
Responsible Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance (HFBP)
Status: Open
Description

Initial State of Gap:


NASA's future missions will require extensive reliance on combined human and automated/robotic (HAR) systems. This degree of reliance is unprecedented in past and current human spaceflight experience. Without a systematic understanding of the critical factors associated with effective HAR integration, it will not be possible to safely and efficiently achieve mission goals for near-and deep-space exploration. For these types of missions, we need a comprehensive, systematic evaluation to identify and understand critical factors associated with effective HAR trade space. 


Interim Steps:

  • Evaluate design reference missions (DRMs) to assess proposed HAR activities.
    • Identify activities where NASA has design and operational experience but not in the proposed operational environment (e.g., habitat construction on planetary surface).
    • Identify activities where NASA has no operational experience (e.g., asteroid rendezvous).
    • Identify activities that would benefit from the insertion of HARI (e.g., emergency telemedicine).
    • Identify activities common across DRMs (e.g., highly autonomous life support systems).
    • Develop a task list matrix for each DRM and associated mission need, prioritizing specific HAR tasks.
  • Collaborate with internal and external experts (industry, Department of Defense, and academia) as well as agency stakeholders (DRM developers, Advanced Exploration Systems, and Office of Chief Technology, to assess and leverage work existing in HARI areas.
  • Publish results of evaluations and workshop(s) through a white paper.
    • Systematic analysis and synthesis of accumulated HARI information.
    • Enumeration of key automation/robotic assets that crewmembers will interact with.
    • Request and integrate external reviews.
  • Based on findings, revise the HARI Plan to Risk Refinement to identify and prioritize new NASA-unique critical research tasks, and potentially new HARI gaps.

Approach:

  • Complete comparative analysis of DRMs and related external reviews.
  • Conduct trade study analysis, evaluating possible HAR alternatives (e.g., HAR configurations) while considering HAR integration needs.
  • Conduct interviews, workshops, and technical interchange meetings (TIMs) as appropriate to gather subject matter expert and stakeholder knowledge, arrive at consensus on important issues, and vet conclusions concerning critical HAR tasks.
Target for Closure
Documentation to identify critical human-automation/robotic mission activities and tasks that will drive the HARI Plan to Risk Reduction, and that will be reported in appropriate publications, standards, stakeholder panels, and/or risk Evidence Report.
Mappings
Risk Risk of Inadequate Design of Human and Automation/Robotic Integration
You are here! Gap HARI-04: We need to identify and scope the critical human-automation/robotic mission activities and tasks that are required for future long duration, long distance space missions. (Previous title: SHFE-HARI-05)
Completed
Planned-Funded

Documentation:
No Documentation Available