Last Published:  04/20/22 11:43:20 AM (Central)
Responsible Element: Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC)
Status: Closed
Closure Rationale

NASA now has the capability to comprehensively process medically-relevant information to support medical operations during exploration missions. ExMC has built and tested multiple prototypes of a Medical Data Architecture, has codified all of the relevant requirements, and performed analyses on communication challenges related to exploration missions. All previously identified tasks associated with this gap have been completed.

“Communication Bandwidth Considerations for Exploration Medical Care during Space Missions”:

Closure Documentation:
No Closure Documentation Available

Initial State:
Currently on the International Space Station (ISS), medical data management includes a combination of data collection and distribution methods that are minimally integrated with the on-board medical devices and systems.  While some health and medical devices have the ability to transmit data directly via on-orbit ISS network communications resources, others require the manual handling and transfer of data by crewmembers from these devices to other ISS computing platforms for storage and eventual transfer to the ground.  Crew generated data may be manually entered into various data collection applications or transmitted verbally through voice communications to the ground.  As a result, health and medical data exist in a variety of formats and in numerous locations within the ISS environment.  Additionally, crew time and resources must be dedicated to collecting, tracking, and transmitting these data.  It is essential to provide the tools for the crew to be more autonomous than the current ISS paradigm to enable early detection and intervention for medical issues.

A prototype data architecture system to efficiently manage crew health and human performance data generated in support of an exploration mission was successfully demonstrated in 2015.  The Exploration Medical System (EMSD) project enabled plug and play connectivity, automated routine data management tasks, and allows for the future expansion of the system.  The focus of this gap is expansion of the EMSD concept to enable an effective exploration medical system that will provide the data management capability for medical operations and to decrease the likelihood of of medical errors.


Projects will be conducted to explore avenues that will:
    1. Define an appropriate data architecture to enable the medical system to communicate with all relevant medical devices.
    2. Determine how the medical system will communicate with the vehicle.
    3. Determine how the medical system will handle incoming data.
    4. Determine how the medical system will communicate with ground-based medical resources.
    5. Define what communication standards will be implemented for communication with the medical system.

Of note: this gap will target milestones for advancement in an iterative prototype development and testing model based on modified agile development.  Prototype milestones for subsystem creation and integration will provide the measurement for successful implementation of this gap.

Target for Closure
An information system to comprehensively process medically-relevant information to support autonomous medical operations during exploration missions.
Risk Risk of Adverse Health Outcomes and Decrements in Performance Due to Medical Conditions that occur in Mission, as well as Long Term Health Outcomes Due to Mission Exposures
You are here! Gap Med07: We do not have the capability to comprehensively process medically-relevant information to support medical operations during exploration missions.

Multi-Disciplinary Research Plans

No Documentation Available