Gap HSIA-501: We need to determine how HSI will be used in the development of dynamic and adaptive mission procedures and processes, to mitigate individual and team performance decrements during increasingly earth-independent, future exploration missions (including in-mission and at landing).
Last Published:  07/30/20 02:45:13 PM (Central)
Responsible Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance (HFBP)
Status: Open
Description

Crews will venture from the support of ground control in low earth orbit, to increasingly autonomous missions during exploration missions. This shifting paradigm will require a change in how operational timelines, task compositions, and procedures & procedural allocations, are implemented. As an example, on ISS missions, anomalies are troubleshot in real-time with mission control, but as missions evolve and become more autonomous crews will need to resolve anomalies by implementing procedures independently of from ground-support. Task designs, schedules and procedures need to be designed and implemented in a way that is responsive to crew-needs in the exploration environment. 

Understanding relevant human capabilities and limitations for performing tasks and how these may impact performance on long-duration missions, is an essential step towards ensuring dynamic and adaptive procedures and processes. We also need to understand the effect that other exploration-relevant factors may have on human-system performance (e.g., automation, autonomous operations, fatigue) (Munson, 2019). 

 

Data on crew performance are being collected across various platforms, including spaceflight analogs and on the ISS, to further characterize the effects of mission-related factors on performance. Accordingly, revised procedures and enhanced mission support tools should help to mitigate this risk. Developing, testing and validating such countermeasures in an exploration-relevant environment will lead to updated countermeasure recommendations, standards, and guidelines, to mitigate HSIA-501. 

Target for Closure
  1. Tools and guidelines for mission, task, and processes; 
  2. Evidence based guidelines and validated countermeasures relative to mission tasks and processes, to mitigate impacts of the spaceflight environment on operational performance.
Mappings
Risk Risk of Adverse Outcome Due to Inadequate Human Systems Integration Architecture
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