Last Published:  07/30/20 02:45:13 PM (Central)
Responsible Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance (HFBP)
Status: Open

Future long-duration, long-distance space missions will require greater use of automation and robots to support the crew. Mixed-agent teams (i.e., teams of people, highly autonomous systems, and complex robots) will have to function within new operational constraints, such as limited ground support, novel and unpredictable environments, and communication latencies. In order to develop these new complex mixed-agent Human Automation and Robotic (HAR) systems, we need effective methods to identify information needs and to allocate functions across a dispersed HAR team. Allocations must take into account each of the human, automation, and robotic systems capabilities and limitations. Existing methods may not be extensible to these new missions. We need to have validated methods and tools to determine needs and function allocations in order to define the design of HAR component and system interfaces.

Additionally, future missions will require real-time coordinated interaction between multiple humans, automation, and robotic assets at multiple locations and at different distances ranging from proximate, on-orbit, in-transit and from Earth.  Currently, there is limited experience in analogous domains that incorporate human-in-the-loop interactions over long and varying latency. 

As a result, few human-centered design guidelines exist for HAR systems. Design guidelines for HAR systems, which address features needed to ensure optimal performance (e.g. new types of interfaces, interactions, and control inputs), are necessary to ensure safe and efficient mission operations.

The approach for addressing this gap will include characterizing performance involving teams and automation and robotic systems in high fidelity exploration mission simulations, to inform best practices in function allocation. Additional feedback from relevant studies (within HRP and across military partners) will serve to inform guidelines for next generation systems. 

Target for Closure
  1. Validated recommendations;
  2. Standards and guidelines for integrating automation and robotics into future exploration systems and teams.
Risk Risk of Adverse Outcome Due to Inadequate Human Systems Integration Architecture
You are here! Gap HSIA-701: We need to determine how human-automation-robotic systems can be optimized for effective enhancement and monitoring of crew capabilities, health, and performance, during increasingly earth-independent, future exploration missions (including in-mission and at landing).

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