Last Published:  07/30/20 02:45:13 PM (Central)
Responsible Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance (HFBP)
Status: Open
Currently, standards and metrics for objective (reliable, sensitive) methods of monitoring and measuring team health and performance to gauge team function and wellness do not exist for either Earth-based teams or spaceflight crewmembers. The goal is to standardize metrics to provide the ability to objectively diagnose off nominal events, and predict future off nominal events that may compromise a mission or risk team function and psychosocial health to less than 90% of current ISS team function and psychosocial health as supported by psychological operations (baseline standard). Setting standards is critical to the understanding of off-nominal team behaviors during long duration exploration missions of varying duration (e.g., <6; 6-12; >12 months). These results and standards will also contribute to astronaut selection and training, inform mission planners and inform team composition factors related to effective and successful teams.
From the key indicators identified and baselined for Earth-levels (Team-101), review current measures and readiness levels of research deliverables (tools and technologies). By leveraging the ground study information (as described in Team-101) with the tools developed for monitoring team dynamics in conjunction with recommendations from SMEs, research results and standards to establish a quantified and validated baseline for acceptable thresholds regarding team function for long duration exploration missions in the context of 3 sets of mission durations (<6, 6-12, >12 months). We will then use these sensitive, reliable, and feasible validated in high fidelity analogs and ultimately ISS to validate the set of effective measures. We will examine what the gap is between current studies and what is needed for future exploration missions and solicit studies to address those areas.
Target for Closure

Quantifiable measures of key indicators (linked to Team-101) that have been verified (meets functional requirements) and validated (construct, content, and criterion-related validity).

Quantified changes  of key indicators to reflect differences between Earth and spaceflight conditions evaluated for feasibility and acceptability in high fidelity ground analogs.

Key indicators validated (feasibility and acceptability) in spaceflight to monitor and assess team health and performance unobtrusively, while providing valuable team-related information (e.g., teamwork performance metrics).

Risk Risk of Performance and Behavioral Health Decrements Due to Inadequate Cooperation, Coordination, Communication, and Psychosocial Adaptation within a Team
You are here! Gap Team-102: We need to identify a set of quantifiable and validated measures, based on 5-12 key indicators of mission-relevant and identified spaceflight acceptable thresholds (or ranges) of team function, to effectively monitor and measure team health and performance of integrated NASA and commercial/private crews, during shifting autonomy in increasingly earth independent, long duration exploration missions.

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