Last Published:  07/30/20 02:45:13 PM (Central)
Responsible Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance (HFBP)
Status: Open
In general, research shows that training teams in teamwork skills and to work as a unified team before, during, and after projects/missions significantly reduces team performance errors and increases team safety and team member health (accounting for as much as 50% of the outcomes). Both psychologically effective technical training and psychological training are necessary for a team’s/crew’s task performance and interpersonal performance. However, the correct content areas (or specific team skills), methods, and training sequences must be identified, tailored, and implemented according to a team’s specific operational context to ensure these results. Very little quantitative evidence exists to advise NASA on how to best train astronauts in teamwork and team skills in an increasingly earth independent, long duration exploration context (i.e., 6-12 months, >12 months). Further, existing crews for the ISS have continually expressed concern about not getting enough chances to learn to work together as a team prior to flight, despite training requirements generally taking up 90% of astronauts’ time over the course of their flight careers. NASA devotes considerable resources (crew time, cost) for both ground-based and in-flight training in preparing humans for long duration spaceflight. Therefore, any evidence that to make training more effective and efficient saves valuable resources for the organization (to include reduced time demands on the crew), as well as reduces team behavioral health and performance risk

We will identify and develop a team training “toolbox” which will encompass the necessary validated set of team training content areas, methods and sequence for training materials. An exploration mission training needs analysis will inform the content areas and state-of-the art neuroscience-informed training methods that to prepare astronaut crews (teams) for long duration missions. The team training toolbox will use validated methods and measures conclusions/results from research results to determine the metrics used to quantify the completion of the gap, leading to Gap
Target for Closure

A set of validated (criterion-validity) related team training content areas, methods, and sequence. The validated team training content areas, methods, and sequence of training will have demonstrated predictive and criterion- reference validation, with demonstrated efficacy and efficiency that results in consistent, significant increase in performance proficiencies, team productivity, and greater cohesion; with concomitant reductions of performance errors, safety incidents or threats, and evidence of reduced interpersonal tension or conflict among teams who have been trained in these content areas.

Risk Risk of Performance and Behavioral Health Decrements Due to Inadequate Cooperation, Coordination, Communication, and Psychosocial Adaptation within a Team
You are here! Gap Team-104: We need to identify validated ground-based and in-flight training methods for both preparatory and sustaining team function during shifting autonomy in increasingly earth independent, long duration exploration missions.

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