Gap Team-106: We need to identify how multiple risks (e.g., BMed, HSIA, Sleep) may increase or buffer Team risk, with potential for integrated, synergistic impact on Team performance and functioning during shifting levels of autonomy for all phases of increasingly earth independent, long duration exploration missions.
Last Published:  07/30/21 01:05:31 PM (Central)
Responsible Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance (HFBP)
Status: Open
Description

Given the importance of individual psychological and psychosocial health factors contributing to team performance and effectiveness, there is an increased probability that one or more other risks (e.g., BMed, HSIA, Sleep) may increase or buffer the Team risk. The aim of this gap is to determine the strategies for managing shifting levels of autonomy to optimize team performance and to determine how countermeasures applied to prevent or mitigate certain risks may “carry-over” into the team risk, with the potential for integrated, synergistic impact on Team performance and functioning during shifting levels of autonomy for all phases of increasingly earth independent, long duration exploration missions. As but one example, decreased amount of sleep may increase irritability and thereby increase the risk to team cohesion/cooperation.  In addition, with the Human Systems Integration Architecture (HSIA) risk, the ability to respond to off-nominal events may place higher demands on one crew than another, or one crew may experience higher stress due to those off-nominal events; while another crewmember would find the reaction disproportionate to the risk.   The approaches and planned impacts of countermeasures for other risks need considered for their potential impact on team performance, cohesion and cooperation in order to support & enable teams under conditions of shifting autonomy/automation.

Approach: Focus on integrated research strategy, using directed research, NRAs, DoD Collaboration, TIMs, and crew debriefs, interfacing with HSIA risk on anticipated on-board HIS challenges, identify training and performance strategies to optimize Team performance given likelihood of other risks, pulling on dynamics of key contributors to Team functioning, and social team interactions, automation and human-robotics integration.

Rationale:
Addresses reality that team function and processes occur as a result of the collective expression of individual efforts and those “individual” crewmembers may be differentially sensitive to, and/or resilient as they experience, multiple, simultaneous spaceflight hazards.  The countermeasures and interventions used for an individual crewmember to mitigate the “individualized” impact of a single risk exposure to a spaceflight hazard, will impact on the individual, and therefore, the Team is likely impacted.

Target for Closure

Effective recommendations for concise set of operationally-relevant human performance measures for how team performance and functioning may be impacted by CBS research (radiation, stress, altered gravity).  Identified operationally-relevant tasks related to crew performance, along with identification of scientifically plausible Brain Performance Pathways for those operationally-relevant measures for subsequent use and linkage to Translational models linking animal performance and brain function/structure changes to human performance measures (behavior, biomarker, predictive models), to include social relationships and motivation. Identification/recommendations Team-related operational performance changes in standards/guidelines changed in NASA STD 3001 (e.g., monitoring frequency based on length/amount of exploration relevant spaceflight hazards exposures (e.g., space radiation, social isolation), along with cumulative effects of other spaceflight stressors.  An assessment of critical outcomes with shifting autonomy; and identification of research and spaceflight results used to develop validated set of countermeasures and standards to maintain Team functioning, psychosocial health, and team task performance in shifting levels of autonomy in increasingly earth independent operations.

Mappings
Risk Risk of Performance and Behavioral Health Decrements Due to Inadequate Cooperation, Coordination, Communication, and Psychosocial Adaptation within a Team
You are here! Gap Team-106: We need to identify how multiple risks (e.g., BMed, HSIA, Sleep) may increase or buffer Team risk, with potential for integrated, synergistic impact on Team performance and functioning during shifting levels of autonomy for all phases of increasingly earth independent, long duration exploration missions.

Multi-Disciplinary Research Plans

Documentation:
No Documentation Available