Task Self-Guided Multimedia Stress Management and Resilience Training
Last Published:  07/30/20 02:45:15 PM (Central)
Short Title: SMART-OP MOD
Responsible HRP Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance
Collaborating Org(s):
Other:
Funding Status: Active - Currently funded and in progress
Procurement Mechanism(s):
Directed
Aims:

Aim 1: To evaluate the effectiveness, usefulness, and usability of SMART-OP with a sample of flight controllers at Johnson Space Center in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) by comparing SMART-OP to an attention control group (AC). This population will evaluate the program’s use with an analogous sample to astronauts.


Aim 2: Provide feedback to SFRM and MOD based on data from the RCT and suggest modifications and implementation strategies of SMART-OP for use with astronauts.

Exploratory Analyses: To examine responses to an acute stressor (Mental Arithmetic Task and Mirror Tracing task), saliva samples will be collected and assessed for biomarkers of stress (cortisol and α amylase) as well as neuropsychological performance. To examine chronic stress responses, we will analyze 24-hour heart rate and urinary cortisol data. Main statistical analyses will be repeated measure ANOVAs (Time x Condition).

Mappings
RiskRisk of Adverse Cognitive or Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
GapBMed-101: We need to identify, quantify, and validate the key selection factors for astronaut cognitive and behavioral strengths (e.g., resiliency) and operationally-relevant performance threats for increasingly Earth independent, long-duration, autonomous, and/or long-distance exploration missions.
GapBMed-103: What are the validated, efficacious treatments (individual or Team-based) and/or countermeasures to prevent adverse behavioral conditions, CNS/neurological, and/or psychiatric disorders caused by either single and/or integrated exposures to spaceflight hazards during exploration class missions?
GapBMed-104: Given the potentially negative spaceflight associated CNS changes and behavioral experiences of stressors during long-duration missions (e.g., isolation, confinement, reduced sensory stimulation, altered gravity, space radiation), what are validated modifications to habitat/vehicle to mitigate stressors impacting on CNS / cognition / behavioral health?
GapBMed-105: Given the potentially negative spaceflight associated CNS/cognitive changes and behavioral experiences of stressors during long-duration missions (e.g., isolation, confinement, reduced sensory stimulation, altered gravity, space radiation), what are validated medical or dietary countermeasures to mitigate stressors impacting on CNS / cognition / behavioral health?
GapBMed-107: What are the long-term changes and risks to astronaut health post-mission that, when using a continuity of care model, helps retrospectively identify and understand individual susceptibility (e.g., hereditary, dose, thresholds) to mitigate adverse CNS, cognitive, and behavioral health changes resulting from long-duration exploration missions, promoting the behavioral health of current and future crews?
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