Last Published:  07/30/20 02:45:15 PM (Central)
Short Title: Family and Social Support
Responsible HRP Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance
Collaborating Org(s):
Other:
Funding Status: Planned-Funded - Task expected to be within budget
Procurement Mechanism(s):
Directed
Aims:
Long duration exploration missions will require extended separation from a crewmember’s family and friends, which can negatively impact crew health and performance. Current methods and technologies are likely insufficient to support future long duration autonomous crews. This task will be a research study to develop and test the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of a protocol of a pre-, in- and, post- flight support including family and non-family social support for the promotion of astronaut behavioral health.

This task will contribute to gap closure by providing recommendations/requirements for an effective psychosocial support system that replicates what is currently available and acceptable for ISS crewmembers but is feasible for exploration class missions.

Mappings
RiskRisk of Adverse Cognitive or Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
GapBMed-101: We need to identify, quantify, and validate the key selection factors for astronaut cognitive and behavioral strengths (e.g., resiliency) and operationally-relevant performance threats for increasingly Earth independent, long-duration, autonomous, and/or long-distance exploration missions.
GapBMed-103: What are the validated, efficacious treatments (individual or Team-based) and/or countermeasures to prevent adverse behavioral conditions, CNS/neurological, and/or psychiatric disorders caused by either single and/or integrated exposures to spaceflight hazards during exploration class missions?
GapBMed-104: Given the potentially negative spaceflight associated CNS changes and behavioral experiences of stressors during long-duration missions (e.g., isolation, confinement, reduced sensory stimulation, altered gravity, space radiation), what are validated modifications to habitat/vehicle to mitigate stressors impacting on CNS / cognition / behavioral health?
GapBMed-105: Given the potentially negative spaceflight associated CNS/cognitive changes and behavioral experiences of stressors during long-duration missions (e.g., isolation, confinement, reduced sensory stimulation, altered gravity, space radiation), what are validated medical or dietary countermeasures to mitigate stressors impacting on CNS / cognition / behavioral health?
GapBMed-106: Given increasing Earth independent long-duration missions with resulting communications delays, how do we maintain personal relations / interactions (family, friends and colleagues) and mitigate effects on astronauts’ behavioral health and performance during exploration class missions?
GapBMed-107: What are the long-term changes and risks to astronaut health post-mission that, when using a continuity of care model, helps retrospectively identify and understand individual susceptibility (e.g., hereditary, dose, thresholds) to mitigate adverse CNS, cognitive, and behavioral health changes resulting from long-duration exploration missions, promoting the behavioral health of current and future crews?
GapBMed-108: Given each crewmember will experience multiple spaceflight hazards simultaneously, we need to identify and characterize the potential additive, antagonistic, or synergistic impacts of multiple stressors (e.g., space radiation, altered gravity, isolation, altered immune, altered sleep) on crew health and/or CNS/ cognitive functioning to develop threshold limits and validate countermeasures for any identified adverse crew health and/or operationally-relevant performance outcomes.
You are here!TaskSocial, Family, and Behavioral Health Support NSCOR

RiskRisk of Performance and Behavioral Health Decrements Due to Inadequate Cooperation, Coordination, Communication, and Psychosocial Adaptation within a Team
You are here!TaskSocial, Family, and Behavioral Health Support NSCOR