Task A Tool for the Automated Collection of Space Utilization Data (Completed)
Last Published:  07/29/22 01:33:24 PM (Central)
Short Title: Automated Data Collection
Responsible HRP Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance
Collaborating Org(s):
Funding Status: Completed - Task completed and produced a deliverable
Procurement Mechanism(s):
Future space vehicles will be challenged in the area of net habitable volume (NHV) due to launch mass limitations. Yet, we know that performance, work efficiency and crewmember satisfaction depend on adequate NHV and internal layout. Computational modeling and simulation both offer effective means to design vehicle/habitat and optimize NHV. However, developing and validating models requires systematically assessing architectural layout and three dimensional (3-D) space utilization. Using novel tracking and detection methods (e.g., such as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags, sensors or other technologies) should make it possible to unobtrusively and non-invasively capture onboard space utilization data. These types of tools can provide an effective means to collect crew activity data needed to support future computational models.

The objective of this project was develop and validate an automated data collection system that delivers data useful in the analysis of space utilization and vehicle habitability pertaining to crew activities on the ISS as well as potential long duration space missions. The investigation utilized two independent technologies, 3D RFID-Real Time Location System (RTLS) and Microsoft Kinect 3D volumetric and anatomical scanning tools, integrating them into a single solution. The project advanced the integrated system through validation using the Human Research Program (HRP) Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA) platform.

*HERA validation will not require usage during scheduled missions.*

  1. Develop and demonstrate one or more practical and affordable methods of unobtrusively collecting habitability metrics of interest.
  2. Validate tools and methods.
  3. Create or update NASA standards/guidelines and processes.
The Space Utilization Data System (SUDS) has been completed with the full scope of functionality originally planned when it was first proposed. It provides a facile system for collection of 3D volumetric data, rough order of magnitude postural data, and time and motion tracking over time. It fully records and recreates the full 3D environment being assessed, and the volumes occupied by the occupants of the scene. It has been designed with future updates in mind through programming methods used, and the ability to support alternative devices for inclusion in the system. Laboratory testing has demonstrated its accuracy and functionality in various regards, and future work is recommended to further document its capabilities.

Integration: This task may also address several other risks of potential HRP customers such as HHC and ExMC.