Task Training for Generalizable Skills & Knowledge: Integrating Principles and Procedures (Completed)
Last Published:  07/30/20 02:45:15 PM (Central)
Short Title: Generalizable Skills
Responsible HRP Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance
Collaborating Org(s):
Funding Status: Completed - Task completed and produced a deliverable
Procurement Mechanism(s):
Solicited
Aims:

Long-duration, exploration-class missions (LDEM) present new training challenges, as these missions significantly differ from our past exploration experience. We cannot predict all the tasks crewmembers may be required to perform during such missions, and thus cannot design pre-flight training to address tasks about which we do not yet know. This lack of knowledge requires a shift from task-based training typical of past and current space missions to skill-based training that focuses on the long-term retention and generalization of pre-flight training to transfer to new and unexpected onboard operations. However, we do not know the characteristics of skills and knowledge that lead to better retention, generalization, and transfer nor do we know the best training principles that support retention, generalization, and transfer.

 

  1. Identify characteristics of skills and knowledge that lead to better retention, generalization, and transfer. (i.e. identify what enables learners to apply trained skills and knowledge to new tasks.)

  2. Identify training practices that support retention, generalization, and transfer, such as integrated training in the operational context.

 

These results will help close the gap on generalizable skills by identifying characteristics of skills and training practices that support training retention, generalization, and transfer.


Mappings
RiskRisk of Adverse Cognitive or Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
GapBMed-101: We need to identify, quantify, and validate the key selection factors for astronaut cognitive and behavioral strengths (e.g., resiliency) and operationally-relevant performance threats for increasingly Earth independent, long-duration, autonomous, and/or long-distance exploration missions.
GapBMed-103: What are the validated, efficacious treatments (individual or Team-based) and/or countermeasures to prevent adverse behavioral conditions, CNS/neurological, and/or psychiatric disorders caused by either single and/or integrated exposures to spaceflight hazards during exploration class missions?
GapBMed-104: Given the potentially negative spaceflight associated CNS changes and behavioral experiences of stressors during long-duration missions (e.g., isolation, confinement, reduced sensory stimulation, altered gravity, space radiation), what are validated modifications to habitat/vehicle to mitigate stressors impacting on CNS / cognition / behavioral health?
GapBMed-105: Given the potentially negative spaceflight associated CNS/cognitive changes and behavioral experiences of stressors during long-duration missions (e.g., isolation, confinement, reduced sensory stimulation, altered gravity, space radiation), what are validated medical or dietary countermeasures to mitigate stressors impacting on CNS / cognition / behavioral health?
GapBMed-107: What are the long-term changes and risks to astronaut health post-mission that, when using a continuity of care model, helps retrospectively identify and understand individual susceptibility (e.g., hereditary, dose, thresholds) to mitigate adverse CNS, cognitive, and behavioral health changes resulting from long-duration exploration missions, promoting the behavioral health of current and future crews?
You are here!TaskTraining for Generalizable Skills & Knowledge: Integrating Principles and Procedures

RiskRisk of Adverse Outcome Due to Inadequate Human Systems Integration Architecture
You are here!TaskTraining for Generalizable Skills & Knowledge: Integrating Principles and Procedures

RiskRisk of Performance and Behavioral Health Decrements Due to Inadequate Cooperation, Coordination, Communication, and Psychosocial Adaptation within a Team
You are here!TaskTraining for Generalizable Skills & Knowledge: Integrating Principles and Procedures