Task Behavioral Issues Associated with Long Duration Space Missions: Review and Analysis of Astronaut Journals - Extension and ISS-12 (Completed)
Last Published:  07/30/20 02:45:15 PM (Central)
Short Title: Journals Extension and ISS-12
Responsible HRP Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance
Collaborating Org(s):
Funding Status: Completed - Task completed and produced a deliverable
Procurement Mechanism(s):
Directed
Aims:

This study is comprised of an extension of the Journals FLight Experiment and analysis of journals content from one-year ISS astronauts.

Extension:

This directed proposal presents a work plan for continuing the Journals Flight Experiment, which concluded successfully in April of 2010; the proposal describes efforts to recruit ten additional astronauts to maintain confidential journals while serving as members of six-person crews onboard the International Space Station (ISS) and to perform a systematic analysis of journals content. The ultimate objective of the study is to provide data-driven recommendations to inform decisions concerning the priorities that should be placed on the various behavioral issues to prepare for and manage future space expeditions. Study results can be applied to improve selection, training, support, scheduling, and the design of equipment and procedures.



 The specific objectives of the proposed study are to, 1) collect data concerning the relevant behavioral factors from ten additional astronauts while serving as members of six-person crews onboard the International Space Station (ISS); 2) compare the experiences reported by members of larger crews to those of the two and three-person crews who participated in the original journals study; 3) assess the effects of other changes that have been implemented since the journals study concluded (e.g., cupola, sleep chambers, procedures); 4) further test the third quarter phenomenon; and 5) provide a safe and constructive outlet for the frustration and irritation that usually accompany isolated and confined living. The ultimate objective of the study is to provide data-driven recommendations to inform decisions concerning the priorities that should be placed on the various behavioral issues to prepare for and manage future space expeditions. Study results can be applied to improve selection, training, support, scheduling, and the design of equipment and procedures.

 

ISS-12:

This task aims to perform a systematic analysis of journals content from one-year ISS astronauts. The ultimate objective of the study is to provide data-driven recommendations to inform decisions concerning the priorities that should be placed on the various behavioral issues to prepare for and manage future space expeditions. Study results can be applied to improve selection, training, support, scheduling, and the design of equipment and procedures.



The specific objectives of the proposed study are to, 1) collect data concerning the relevant behavioral factors from astronauts while serving as one-year crewmembers aboard the International Space Station (ISS); 2) Compare the experiences reported by members of one-year crewmembers to those of shorter duration who participated in earlier journals studies; 3) Assess the effects of changes implemented since the previous journals study (e.g., procedures); 4) further test the third quarter phenomenon; and 5) provide a safe and constructive outlet for the frustration and irritation that usually accompany isolated and confined living. The ultimate objective of the study is to provide data-driven recommendations to inform decisions concerning the priorities that should be placed on the various behavioral issues to prepare for and manage future space expeditions. Study results can be applied to improve selection, training, support, scheduling, and the design of equipment and procedures.

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