Last Published:  07/30/20 02:45:15 PM (Central)
Short Title: Problem Solving Skills Training
Responsible HRP Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance
Collaborating Org(s):
Funding Status: Planned-Funded - Task expected to be within budget
Procurement Mechanism(s):
Solicited
Aims:
NASA’s “mission teams” are composed of astronauts and Earth-based support staff (flight crews, Mission Control Center, flight controllers, flight control teams, etc.) who work closely together to ensure both individual and crew performance. Future Long Duration Spaceflight Exploration (LDSE) missions, potentially including planetary surface missions on Mars, will demand the support and ability of these teams to manage shifting levels of autonomy when crew health, performance and/or mission success are threatened by unanticipated problems.
This task will provide standards and guidelines for training individual and team problem-solving skills across all team, medical, and technical domains for both work and non-work situations throughout a long-duration mission.

1. Determine how problem-solving skills are developed and used in operational settings such that there is generalization across many tasks and situations.
2. Identify which individual and team skills are most important to performing tasks in normal conditions and surviving in emergency conditions for LDEM.
3. Determine the relationship of individual cognitive processes/skills (e.g., attention, reasoning) to team cognitive processes/skills (e.g., collaborative problem solving, decision making).
4. Describe how these skills change over time and what may trigger these shifts.
5. Validate measurement, particularly unobtrusive measurement, of these skills for both individuals and teams.
6. Develop validated training guidelines and recommendations to develop and maintain individual and team cognitive skills throughout an LDSE mission, and allow them to be trained efficiently to maintain performance across tasks and situations in mission.

Mappings
RiskRisk of Adverse Cognitive or Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
GapBMed-101: We need to identify, quantify, and validate the key selection factors for astronaut cognitive and behavioral strengths (e.g., resiliency) and operationally-relevant performance threats for increasingly Earth independent, long-duration, autonomous, and/or long-distance exploration missions.
GapBMed-103: What are the validated, efficacious treatments (individual or Team-based) and/or countermeasures to prevent adverse behavioral conditions, CNS/neurological, and/or psychiatric disorders caused by either single and/or integrated exposures to spaceflight hazards during exploration class missions?
GapBMed-104: Given the potentially negative spaceflight associated CNS changes and behavioral experiences of stressors during long-duration missions (e.g., isolation, confinement, reduced sensory stimulation, altered gravity, space radiation), what are validated modifications to habitat/vehicle to mitigate stressors impacting on CNS / cognition / behavioral health?
GapBMed-105: Given the potentially negative spaceflight associated CNS/cognitive changes and behavioral experiences of stressors during long-duration missions (e.g., isolation, confinement, reduced sensory stimulation, altered gravity, space radiation), what are validated medical or dietary countermeasures to mitigate stressors impacting on CNS / cognition / behavioral health?
GapBMed-107: What are the long-term changes and risks to astronaut health post-mission that, when using a continuity of care model, helps retrospectively identify and understand individual susceptibility (e.g., hereditary, dose, thresholds) to mitigate adverse CNS, cognitive, and behavioral health changes resulting from long-duration exploration missions, promoting the behavioral health of current and future crews?
GapBMed-108: Given each crewmember will experience multiple spaceflight hazards simultaneously, we need to identify and characterize the potential additive, antagonistic, or synergistic impacts of multiple stressors (e.g., space radiation, altered gravity, isolation, altered immune, altered sleep) on crew health and/or CNS/ cognitive functioning to develop threshold limits and validate countermeasures for any identified adverse crew health and/or operationally-relevant performance outcomes.
You are here!TaskIndividual and Team Problem-Solving Skills Training for Exploration Missions

RiskRisk of Adverse Outcome Due to Inadequate Human Systems Integration Architecture
You are here!TaskIndividual and Team Problem-Solving Skills Training for Exploration Missions

RiskRisk of Performance and Behavioral Health Decrements Due to Inadequate Cooperation, Coordination, Communication, and Psychosocial Adaptation within a Team
GapTeam-101: We need to understand the key threats, indicators, and evolution of the team throughout its life cycle for shifting autonomy and interface with automation in increasingly earth independent, long duration exploration missions.
GapTeam-102: We need to identify a set of quantifiable and validated measures, based on 5-12 key indicators of mission-relevant and identified spaceflight acceptable thresholds (or ranges) of team function, to effectively monitor and measure team health and performance of integrated NASA and commercial/private crews, during shifting autonomy in increasingly earth independent, long duration exploration missions.
GapTeam-104: We need to identify validated ground-based and in-flight training methods for both preparatory and sustaining team function during shifting autonomy in increasingly earth independent, long duration exploration missions.
You are here!TaskIndividual and Team Problem-Solving Skills Training for Exploration Missions