Task Personalized Performance Optimization Platform (P-POP)
Last Published:  07/30/21 01:05:34 PM (Central)
Short Title: P-POP
Responsible HRP Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance
Collaborating Org(s):
Funding Status: Active - Currently funded and in progress
Procurement Mechanism(s):
The objective of this work is to develop, refine, and empirically test a novel technology to optimize crewmembers physiological and mental states via personalized manipulation of the surrounding work environment. We will leverage our team’s engineering, behavioral and human factors expertise, plus our previously developed hardware, to produce a countermeasure (CM) platform that can mitigate adverse cognitive and behavioral conditions that may arise during long-duration spaceflight missions.

Aim 1: Perform a detailed risk assessment of factors that contribute to personal and team dysfunction by conducting a detailed literature survey to compile factors contributing to individual and team dysfunction in ICE environments. We will align this list with current methods for preventing or mitigating such issues via video-free exposures and/or self-guided interventions.

Aim 2: Develop a personalized performance-optimization platform (P-POP) based on closed loop/feedback that integrates physiological sensing with augmentation of the astronaut’s local working environment using audio, haptics, and light. We will leverage our NINscan multi-modal physiological sensing system, currently supporting NIRS, EEG, EMG, EOG, ECG, EDA, respiration, temperature, and motion. This will be coupled to effectors for delivering personalized auditory, haptic, and light augmentation of the local work environment via closed-loop operation. P-POP will use such augmentations to modulate attention, engagement, cognitive load, and alertness to optimize performance.

Aim 3: Characterize the ability of P-POP to improve key performance capabilities including attention, response time, memory, cognitive control, and operationally relevant performance. Using ongoing laboratory optimization and three experiments, we will quantify performance changes associated with P-POP environmental manipulations in both cognitive and operationally relevant tasks, using NASA’s Cognition and our team’s ROBoT-r simulated robotics task, respectively. Environmental manipulations will seek to maintain optimal attention, engagement, cognitive load, and alertness, as assessed by psychophysiological signatures.

Aim 4: Assess the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of our proposed platform when used with individuals and teams during long-duration spaceflight analogs. To evaluate P-POP under spaceflight-relevant conditions we will deploy the platform in the HERA analog facility with 16 astronaut-like participants. We will assess P-POP’s feasibility and acceptability for both crew and mission controllers, while performance will be evaluated both with and without P-POP engagement, similar to Aim 3.
RiskRisk of Adverse Cognitive or Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
GapBMed-102: Given exposures to spaceflight hazards (space radiation, isolation), how do we identify individual susceptibility, monitor molecular/biomarkers and acceptable thresholds, and validate behavioral health and CNS/neurological/neuropsychological performance measures and domains of relevance to exploration class missions?
GapBMed-103: What are the validated, efficacious treatments (individual or Team-based) and/or countermeasures to prevent adverse behavioral conditions, CNS/neurological, and/or psychiatric disorders caused by either single and/or integrated exposures to spaceflight hazards during exploration class missions?
GapBMed-105: Given the potentially negative spaceflight associated CNS/cognitive changes and behavioral experiences of stressors during long-duration missions (e.g., isolation, confinement, reduced sensory stimulation, altered gravity, space radiation), what are validated medical or dietary countermeasures to mitigate stressors impacting on CNS / cognition / behavioral health?
You are here!TaskPersonalized Performance Optimization Platform (P-POP)

RiskRisk of Performance and Behavioral Health Decrements Due to Inadequate Cooperation, Coordination, Communication, and Psychosocial Adaptation within a Team
You are here!TaskPersonalized Performance Optimization Platform (P-POP)