Task Enhancement of Spatial Orientation Capability of Astronauts on the Lunar Surface (Completed)
Last Published:  07/30/20 02:45:15 PM (Central)
Short Title: Lunar Navigation
Responsible HRP Element: Space Human Factors and Habitability
Collaborating Org(s):
Human Health Countermeasures (HHC) Element
National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI)
Funding Status: Completed - Task completed and produced a deliverable
Procurement Mechanism(s):
Solicited
Aims:
  1. Investigate methods for removal and/or alleviation of astronaut disorientation during lunar surface operations by using integrated information technology, and psychological and cognitive research on spatial orientation and navigation.
  2. Train astronauts to enhance their spatial orientation capability in a Lunar
    Astronaut Spatial Orientation and Information System (LASOIS)-supported simulated lunar environment.
  3. Supported by LASOIS, astronauts on the lunar surface will be capable of overcoming disorientation caused by microgravity and the altered visual environment through spatial information provided by the Earth control center and collected by a coordinated group of sensors from lunar orbit, descending path and ground. The developed spatial orientation strategy, system and training will allow astronauts to have a systematic preparation for complex mission scenarios where spatial operations and efficient interactions and communications are required among the Earth-based control center, lander(s), lunar vehicle(s), outposts and astronauts. This capability is extremely important for lunar operations that will have an extensive traversing region.

The NSBRI Spatial Orientation Task completed all aims, contributing to closure of the HCI guidelines gap.  This project provided a solution for reducing/removing the risk of spatial disorientation during lunar surface operations. Characteristics of this solution can be evaluated to determine relevant content and guidelines for the Human Interface Design Handbook (HIDH).

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