Task Hybrid Training - A Sensory Stimulation Countermeasure for Long Duration Space Exploration Missions
Last Published:  07/30/20 02:45:15 PM (Central)
Short Title: Hybrid Training - VR Exercise
Responsible HRP Element: Human Factors and Behavioral Performance
Collaborating Org(s):
Other:
Funding Status: Active - Currently funded and in progress
Procurement Mechanism(s):
Solicited
Aims:
The proposed study concentrates on assessing the effectiveness of regular physical exercise combined with an interactive virtual environment (VR), i.e. Hybrid Training to augment neurostructural, cognitive, physiologic, and social effects of prolonged confinement and isolation on subjects over-wintering in the space analog environment of the Antarctic Neumayer station (or an alternative analog facility). We also propose to compare these data to previous crews overwintering in Neumayer station without any countermeasure. Briefly, the research encompasses the following specific aims:
Aim 1: Investigate the effect of Hybrid Training on brain structure and function
Aim 2: Investigate the effect of Hybrid Training on cognitive performance
Aim 3a: Investigate the effect of Hybrid Training on biochemical markers of stress and neuroplasticity
Aim 3b: Investigate the effects of Hybrid Training on mood, depression, and subjective assessments of workload, stress, sleep quality, tiredness, sickness, and conflicts.
Aim 3c: Investigate the effect of Hybrid Training on sleep duration and sleep-wake rhythms using continuously wrist-worn actigraphy
Aim 3d: Investigate the effect of Hybrid Training on heart rate, heart rate variability, and sleep structure using monthly 24-h ECG measurements
Aim 3e: Investigate the effect of Hybrid Training on crew cohesion and team structure
Mappings
RiskRisk of Adverse Cognitive or Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
GapBMed-101: We need to identify, quantify, and validate the key selection factors for astronaut cognitive and behavioral strengths (e.g., resiliency) and operationally-relevant performance threats for increasingly Earth independent, long-duration, autonomous, and/or long-distance exploration missions.
GapBMed-103: What are the validated, efficacious treatments (individual or Team-based) and/or countermeasures to prevent adverse behavioral conditions, CNS/neurological, and/or psychiatric disorders caused by either single and/or integrated exposures to spaceflight hazards during exploration class missions?
GapBMed-104: Given the potentially negative spaceflight associated CNS changes and behavioral experiences of stressors during long-duration missions (e.g., isolation, confinement, reduced sensory stimulation, altered gravity, space radiation), what are validated modifications to habitat/vehicle to mitigate stressors impacting on CNS / cognition / behavioral health?
GapBMed-105: Given the potentially negative spaceflight associated CNS/cognitive changes and behavioral experiences of stressors during long-duration missions (e.g., isolation, confinement, reduced sensory stimulation, altered gravity, space radiation), what are validated medical or dietary countermeasures to mitigate stressors impacting on CNS / cognition / behavioral health?
GapBMed-107: What are the long-term changes and risks to astronaut health post-mission that, when using a continuity of care model, helps retrospectively identify and understand individual susceptibility (e.g., hereditary, dose, thresholds) to mitigate adverse CNS, cognitive, and behavioral health changes resulting from long-duration exploration missions, promoting the behavioral health of current and future crews?
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