Task Oxidative stress as a mechanism for altering acute and chronic functional changes in the CNS exposed to low dose, low dose rates, and mixed fields of protons and HZE nuclei (Completed)
Last Published:  07/30/20 02:45:15 PM (Central)
Short Title: Oxidative Stress CNS
Responsible HRP Element: Space Radiation
Collaborating Org(s):
Other:
Funding Status: Completed - Task completed and produced a deliverable
Procurement Mechanism(s):
Solicited
Aims:
Our proposal is focused on analyzing the effects of space radiation on these critical populations of multipotent neural stem and precursor cells. We have developed the technology to isolate and grow these cells in culture and will use a variety of techniques to analyze how cells exposed to space radiation change. We will monitor the time course of oxidative stress in these cells and how that depends on the dose, the dose rate and type of radiation applied. We will determine how radiation-induced oxidative stress impacts cellular proliferation, signaling between cells, cell fate and survival.
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Mappings
RiskRisk of Acute (In-flight) and Late Central Nervous System Effects from Radiation Exposure
You are here!TaskOxidative stress as a mechanism for altering acute and chronic functional changes in the CNS exposed to low dose, low dose rates, and mixed fields of protons and HZE nuclei

RiskRisk of Adverse Cognitive or Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
GapBMed-102: Given exposures to spaceflight hazards (space radiation, isolation), how do we identify individual susceptibility, monitor molecular/biomarkers and acceptable thresholds, and validate behavioral health and CNS/neurological/neuropsychological performance measures and domains of relevance to exploration class missions?
GapBMed-103: What are the validated, efficacious treatments (individual or Team-based) and/or countermeasures to prevent adverse behavioral conditions, CNS/neurological, and/or psychiatric disorders caused by either single and/or integrated exposures to spaceflight hazards during exploration class missions?
GapBMed-104: Given the potentially negative spaceflight associated CNS changes and behavioral experiences of stressors during long-duration missions (e.g., isolation, confinement, reduced sensory stimulation, altered gravity, space radiation), what are validated modifications to habitat/vehicle to mitigate stressors impacting on CNS / cognition / behavioral health?
GapBMed-107: What are the long-term changes and risks to astronaut health post-mission that, when using a continuity of care model, helps retrospectively identify and understand individual susceptibility (e.g., hereditary, dose, thresholds) to mitigate adverse CNS, cognitive, and behavioral health changes resulting from long-duration exploration missions, promoting the behavioral health of current and future crews?
You are here!TaskOxidative stress as a mechanism for altering acute and chronic functional changes in the CNS exposed to low dose, low dose rates, and mixed fields of protons and HZE nuclei

RiskRisk of Cardiovascular Disease and Other Degenerative Tissue Effects From Radiation Exposure and Secondary Spaceflight Stressors
You are here!TaskOxidative stress as a mechanism for altering acute and chronic functional changes in the CNS exposed to low dose, low dose rates, and mixed fields of protons and HZE nuclei

RiskRisk of Radiation Carcinogenesis
You are here!TaskOxidative stress as a mechanism for altering acute and chronic functional changes in the CNS exposed to low dose, low dose rates, and mixed fields of protons and HZE nuclei